Welcome to the first part of the two-part blog all about your skin, so lay back and take in all the carefully crafted information designed to make you understand and to really get to know you face!
In today’s world we are constantly bombarded with products that are promising a whole range of miraculous results in exchange for some hefty coin! So how do we decide what’s actually right for us and not just a product that’s going to end up at the back of our bathroom cabinet gathering dust?
This post is all about shining the light on the importance of knowing what’s right for your skin, identifying the difference between types and conditions of the skin, and lastly showing you a rough guide on what skin care is best for you!
First thing first, skin conditions and types; so what’s the difference ? Simply put your skin type is what you were born with, you can always care and controlled it but it won’t go away. Opposed to your skin condition, that’s a result of eternal and internal influences, for example; hormonal changes, weather, medications, and importantly the misuse of your skin car ( over-exfoliating or using irritating/drying cleansers and toners).
To make things a little clearer, Look below !
- Clear, smooth completion with small evenly clear pores.
- There are no signs of breakouts, or greasy patchy, flaky patches.
- Sebum production is well-balanced
- Often found among young people.
Focus: There’s no rest for the wicked, having normal skin means you can afford to be relaxed about your skin care but that doesn’t mean totally forget about it! Think about it like how a squirrel stores enough food to last the winter in the summer; what we want to do is care and treat our skin to make sure you we’ll be looking as flawless like Cher when we’re in our 70’s! So daily hydration is key, both applied on the skin and to be drunken. Secondly exfoliation, when you have normal skin it’s easy to forget about this one – but it’s very, very import! You want to remove dead, dirty, dry skin to bring a fresh, new glow to your face. This will also eliminate any radical break outs from happening. Then lastly moisturiser containing a SPF50+, this will nourish your skin as well as giving it some protection.
- Over productive sebaceous glands.
- Shiny, enlarged pores.
- Prone to black heads and other blemishes.
- Fact – more prone to men more than woman.
- Affects adolescent and younger people – going into puberty.
Focus: The key to skin care if you have oily skin is to not to totally strip your skin from it’s natural oils; this will actually send your glands into over drive! So what you would like to do is develop a skin care range that will be centred on drawing and unclogging pores (super oily skin = clogged pores = acne or break out!) and then replenishing the skin with good oils. And that’s the key to this skin type, so have no fear there’s so much on offer for you, just need to look and test out what works for you – for more help have a little look below at the guide!
- Lack of moisture around the nose, or corneous layer – which is tight and flaking.
- Skin appears dull, especially on the cheeks.
- Lack of elasticity, deep fine lines or wrinkles.
- Severe cases – itching and burning of the skin.
Focus: PROPERLY BUFF, DAILY HYDRATION AND SERUMS! So first thing, buff; you want to carefully exfoliate your skin once or twice a week, look for a gentle chemical exfoliate – this will help removes dry, flaky skin and will help initiate further cell renewal = you’ll have bright, beaming skin because of this! Secondly hydration, you want to be putting on daily moisturizer, and because you have already exfoliated your skin, the moisturizer can easily penetrate into the dermis layers. Then it’s the all-important serum, serums contain very small molecules, which have a high concentration of active ingredients that can target specific skin concerns, such as fine lines, wrinkles, or age spots! The best serum for dry skin is finding a serum, which contains vitamin E serums, can either applied before or after moisturiser! Also a tip, avoid any harsh cleanses that will strip your skin of it’s natural oils, making it your face red, dry (flaky) and sensitive.
- Dry in some areas, then others severely oily.
- Combination skin types often lean towards being dry around the cheeks and eyes, whilst being oily t zone.
- Both needing a separate facial regime.
Focus: when it comes to finding your perfect match when you have combination skin can prove to be dificult; it can feel like you’re shopping for two different people; however hopefully after reading this you’ll feel more at ease and ready to tak on your skincare! The best thing to do overall is to not use anything that will strip your face of it’s natural oils, this will only make your glands into overdrive then you’ll be having another issue o your hands ! Secondly, do not cover or layer your face with thick creams or use any abrasive exfoliators. For cleansers, choose a water-soluble cleanser; this will gently remove all impurities without leaving your skin feeling tight or irritated. When it comes to exfoliators, BHA is the way to go! BHA our great for sensitive or combination skin, it gently sheds your skin. And as always you should always spend time applying some moisturizer and a sunscreen 50 +!
- Itchy, dull, deep fine lines, and increased sensitivity.
- Caused by outside factors as well as induced factors, such as;
I. Smoking or some medication.
III. Inappropriate misuse of products.
|Sun Damage/ Hyperpigmentation
- Hyper pigmentation is a common thing especially amongst the baby booming generation!
- Hyper pigmentation is differentiated between either melisma and sunspots;
I. Melisma will start to appear as a hormonal imbalance or influx in the body, this can be seen among woman who are expecting.
II. Sunspots or lenities in Latin, these spots present themselves on over exposure of the body such as hands, sides of face from driving or just general sun damage from not using sunscreen.
- Hereditary – more often than not rosacea is prone to individuals who have hormonal deficiencies.
- Has the appearance of red inflamed bumps or just rashes, they can range from mild to extreme.
- Rosacea can also come up on all areas of your body.
- Hot drinks, spicy foods, alcohol and smoking can it to flare up.
- Drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medications.
What should you and shouldn’t you look for in your skin care.
So what are parabens used for? Well they are synthetic compounds which have the sole purpose to be a preservative for lotions, concealers, moisturizer and various other beauty potions! And really preservatives are amazing, without them our make up would go rancid quickly and we’ll end of buying more every week – so what’s the problem and why are we so against parabens !?
Before studying beauty I believed that skin care only goes skin deep, and that there was absolutely no connection to our inner health ( hormones etc); I mean how could it we’re just applying it to outer most layer of our skin. Well that theory went completely out the window, and yes there is a connection; and this is why everybody is up in arms about parabens ! So imagine your daily skin care regime over the decade, our body naturally synthesis the good and bad, good being if you apply face oils and the bad being if you have used a product containing parabens.
Further evidence to support this was published in 2004 by CSC, then in 2017 reinstated by Scientific America published ” Should people be concerned about parabens in beauty products”. They perfectly highlight the link between how whatever we put on our skin will be invertibly absorbed into our body’s one way on another. Parabens being the focus were linked to various hormonal issues (specifically effecting estrogen); the serious one being breast cancer.
So in 2004 a study was preformed examining breast tissue of women which have breast cancer; The results concluded that out of 20 women, 19 of them had been screened positive for small traces of parabens. As this is a small study there needs to be more in depth research into it, because women do occupy a large proportion of our beauty world!
“this study is important because it was the first to detected the presence of intact parabens—unaltered by the body’s metabolism—which is an indication of the chemical’s ability to penetrate skin and remain in breast tissue.” (Scientific America, 2017)
In 2012 the European Union put a ban on all containing parabens, which was a ginormous leap forward, one that should be internationally recognised (Scientific America, 2017). Going into the future we need to make parabens an ingredient of the past, although research is limited there is sufficiant evidence proving they are negatively influencing our hormones which then impact our reproductive , immunological, and neurological systems. For more information you can look up breast cancer action list for over 100 cosmetics.
Simply, fragrance irritates our skin, bringing up dermatitis as well as other skin issues – this is not a great idea as your face is very delicate and any irritation can lead to signs of wrinkles (Cunningham, 2018). Yes, the smell is heavenly but lets choose soothing that has no fragrace or one has natural derivitive scents.
It’s full name is sodium lauryl sulphate, it’s a common ingredient in any face wash or cleansers; oh and also found in any cleaning product ! Sulphates are reason behind why some skincare products form and bubble, leaving your skin feeling tight. So have a look at what’s inside your cleansers nor, because would you dare use garage cleaner as your skin cleanser ? Not to mention, the harshness of sulphates strips your skin from its natural nutrients and oils, which can lead to the following;
- Sends the oils glands into over production = leading to acne.
- Increased sensitivity due to the stripping of its safety layer, this can result in rashes, breakouts or rosacea.
Large exfoliant granules.
When it comes to exfoliants they are categorised into two groups; chemical and physical.
Chemical exfoliants come in two forms; AHA (alpha-hydroxide acids) or BHA (beta-hydroxyl acid). Common ones are lactic, glycollic and salicylic acid. The benefits of a chemical exfoliate are numerous, these acids/ enzymes sink deep into your skins layers safely exfoliation with no harsh scrubbing.
Physical exfoliants are great at stimulated blood circulation (perfect for reducing puffiness and may aid in lymph node drainage). The granules give you a quick and clean feel, steadily increasing the rate at exfoliation. Carefully look into a physical exfoliant to see if it’s right for your skin, or if the the exfoliant is the right size and will work. choosing the wrong one on you face could lead to you have minor cuts on your face, which will lead to bacteria entering = breakouts, puffiness, redness and other induced conditions. All of which is preventable, for more help look below at the grid!
Emollients are key to any brilliant moisturizer on the market – its cream application allows it to sink into your skin making a soft, youthful glow to an appearance while altogether helping to prevent further signs of ageing.
A surfactant is just that, a surface-active agent. So they are added to oil, water and other liquids to break up the tension in the surface layer – this is an essential ingredient in cleansers alike to safely cleanse the skin from dirt, oil and debris from the day.
- Exfoliate (citric acid, salicylic acid, glycollic acider benzoyl peroxide And alpha hydroxide acid)
Chemical exfoliates can either come in the physical form (beads) or chemical (acid, overall chemicals work well as an exfoliant. The reason for this is that physical exfoliate don’t have enough capability irritate the dead skin cells and dirt which clogs your pores, whereas chemical exfoliates do so as they contain beneficial acids. The right exfoliate will unclog you pores, slough off dead skin and will leave your face beaming with a fresh feeling (not a burning feeling!)
Humectants are among the key ingredients to any moisturizer, especially found in the skin care range for dry or dehydrated skin conditions. The role of a humectant is to attract and hold moisture; in fact humectants are capable of holding up to 1000 times their own water weight! Therefore they are water rich chemicals which, more than that their hydration protects the surface layer of your skin (stratum corneam) from becoming dry and patching leading to increased signs of ageing. These humectants will be in the form of; hydracluronic acid, butylene glycol, glycerine, sorbitol seaweed or algae.
So that’s the end of the first part of “Do you really know your face”, it was so important for me to write about skin as I believe it can truly change a person’s life – as simple as it may sound it is hard to find whats right for your skin with so many on offer at the moment, but I promise after these post you’ll not only have your key to unlock the best skincare for your skin but you’ll find out a little about your skinccare that will suprise you !
Check out next weeks post for more skincare tips on becoming a more condident you, and until next time see you lovelies later
Cunningham, V. (2018). 10 Toxic Beauty Ingredients To Avoid. [online] HuffPost. Available at: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/vanessa-cunningham/dangerous-beauty-products_b_4168587.html [Accessed 9 Apr. 2018].
Miller, S. (2012). Humectants and Hyaluronic Acid in Skincare. [online] The Naked Chemist. Available at: http://thenakedchemist.com/humectants-and-hyaluronic-acid-in-skincare/ [Accessed 9 Apr. 2018].
LIBERS, A. (2018). 5 Ingredients to Avoid in Your Face Wash. [online] HowStuffWorks. Available at: https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/cleansing/products/5-ingredients-to-avoid-in-your-face-wash.htm [Accessed 9 Apr. 2018].
Beautyrx.com. (2018). Key Ingredients to Look for in Face Cleansers. [online] Available at: https://www.beautyrx.com/blogs/learn/key-ingredients-to-look-for-in-face-cleansers [Accessed 9 Apr. 2018].
Scientific America (2017). Should People Be Concerned about Parabens in Beauty Products?. [online] Scientific American. Available at: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/should-people-be-concerned-about-parabens-in-beauty-products/ [Accessed 9 Apr. 2018].
True Skin Care Center. (2018). Are Parabens Bad for Your Skin? – True Skin Care Center. [online] Available at: http://trueskincarecenter.com/blog/are-parabens-bad-for-your-skin/ [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018].